Chinese New Year (January or February)
Due to the large number of people of Chinese descent who run much of
Cambodia's business enterprises; and also Vietnamese immigrant communities,
the Chinese New Year is widely celebrated, especially in Phnom Penh. No
Chinese festival would be complete without fireworks and this time of year
is no exception with many wealthy families organizing their own private
displays whigh light up the skies for all to see.
National Day (November)
One of the more recent additions to the festival calendar, this day
marks the end of the Khmer Rouge Regime. However for many Khmers it also
marks the start of the Vietnamese regime seen as another period of foreign
Khmer New Year's Day (Mid April)
Celebrated at the same time as the Thai New Year all over the country,
this festival marks the turn of the year based on the ancient Khmer calendar
and also marks the end of the harvest done during the year. Cambodians
decorate their homes to please the Heaven God and many people can be seen on
the streets armed with small bags of water and water pistols to bless people
passing by. This festival is one of the happiest times of the year with
joyous smiling faces everywhere you turn. Cambodians do recognize
International New Year on 1 January but there are no celebrations then.
Royal Ploughing Day (May)
Cambodia has a deep connnection with the Earth and farming, and there is
a deep astrological belief that the Ox has an instrumental role in
determining the fate of the agricultural harvest each year. Every year, in
May, this cultural ceremony takes place in the large park next to the Royal
Palace and in front of the National Museum. The King plays a key role in
driving the Ox and depicting real ploughing activities in the process of
growing rice. The Ox is given a selection of foods and beverages to consume
and the royal soothsayers interpret what the Ox has eaten. For this festival
both men and women can be seen wearing brightly colored traditional Khmer
Pchum Ben (September)
This is the most culturally and religiously significant event of the
year and is celebrated in September. This festival of souls concentrates on
blessing the souls of ancestors, relatives, and friends who have passed
away. All Buddhist temples, especially Wat Phnom, are the focal points for
this festival and most Cambodians visit the temples to make traditional
offerings and pray.
King Sihanouk's Birthday Celebration
This celebration revering the country's influential king take place in
late October or early November. People from all over the country come to the
capital to join in celebrations and festivities held throughout the capital.
Often the King's birthday and Water festivals coincide resulting in a
mammoths celebration in front of the Royal Palace and along the riverfront.
Provincial villagers who would ordinarily have no reason to visit Phnom Penh
will save up and make this occasion their sole visit to the capital.
Water festival (October or November)
This water festival is probably the most extravagant festival in the
calendar. Over three days starting with the last full moon day in October or
the beginning of November up to a million people from all walks of life from
all over the country flock to the banks of Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers in
Phnom Penh to watch hundreds of brightly coloured boats with over 50 paddlers
battle it out for top honors. The boat racing dates back to ancient times
marking the strengths of the powerful Khmer marine forces during the Khmer
empire. In the evening brightly decorated floats cruise along the river
prior to and complimenting the fireworks displays. there is often a parallel
festival at Angkor Wat and although it is smaller in scale it is just as
impressive due to the backdrop of Angkor Wat.
The festival marks the changing of the flow
of the Tonle Sap and is also seen as thanksgiving to the Mekong River for
providing the country with fertile land and abundant fish. It is at this
time when the river flow reverts to its normal down stream direction. The
remarkable phenomenon that is the Tonle Sap sees the river flowing upstream
during the rainy season and then change direction as the rains cease and the
swollen Tonle Sap Lake empties back into the Mekong River leaving behind
vast quantities of fish.
Independence Day (November 9)
This important ceremony takes place at the site of the Independence
Monument at the juntion of Norodom and Sihanouk Boulevards. This ceremony
celebrates Cambodia's gaining of independence from France in 1953. All over
the city flags adorn the shop fronts and bunting stretched over all the main
thoroughfares as a sign of national pride.
Angkor Festival (November or December)
This festival is a showcase of performing arts
with Angkor Wat as a backdrop. Performers from all over Asia attend this
festival performing great epic stories from myths and legends, including the
Ramayana, with their own national dance costumes and musical and rhythmic
inter-pretations. King Sihanouk often attends when he is in residence in
Siem Reap and other dignatories come to witness this wonderful spectacle.
International Half Marathon (Late
This International Half Marathon is held at Angkor Wat and attracts
competitors from all over the world. Thousands of people come to see this
international event held in the spectacular setting that is Angkor.
Other Holidays and Festivals
Cambodia also celebrates other special days including: International
Women's Day (8 March), International Worker's Day (1 May), Genocide Day (9
May), Vesak Bucha Day - the anniversary of the birth, enlightenment, and
death of Buddha (Late May), Ploughing the Holy Furrow (Late May), Chol Vassa
- Buddhist Lent (July), and International Human Rights Day (10 December).