WELCOME to CAMBODIA

 
 Angkor
 
Angkor Wat
Angkor Thom
Angkor Maps
Angkor Admission Fee
Baksei Chamkrong
Banteay Srei
Bayon Temple
Ta Prohm
Terrace of Elephants
 HOME
 
Welcome
General Information
Advice and Health
Vaccinations
Visa Cambodia
Embassy
Climate
Clothing
Map of Cambodia
Provinces of Cambodia
Distance Chart Cambodia
Language of Cambodia
Food
Drinks
the King
the People
School & Public Holidays
Buddhism
Naga - Nagas
Khmer Rouge
Pol Pot
Pol Pot's Grave
 PHNOM PENH
 
Phnom Penh
Domestic Bus Schedule
Map of Phnom Penh
Russian Market
Central Market
Royal Palace
Hotels Phnom Penh
China Town
Casino NagaWorld
Kids City
Independence Monument
Wat Phnom
Genocide Museum
Killing Fields
Sorya Shopping Mall
Sovanna Shopping Mall
Dragon Water Park
Boat to Siem Reap
Hotels in Phnom Penh
 Angkor Wat
 Siem Reap
 Sihanoukville
 Battambang
 Islands of Cambodia
 Tonlé Sap Lake
 Banteay Meanchey
 Kandal
 Kampong Cham
 Kampong Chhnang
 Kampong Speu
 Kampong Thom
 Kampot & Kep
 Koh Kong
 Kratie
 Mondulkiri
 Oddar Meanchey
 Pailin
 Pursat
 Preah Vihear
 Prey Veng
 Ratanakiri
 Svay Rieng
 Stung Treng
 Takeo
 Hotel Reservation
 
Kampot
Kampong Cham
Koh Kong
Phnom Penh
Siem Reap
Sihanoukville
 National Parks
 
Peam Krasop
Ream National Park
Mekong River
 Travelling in Cambodia
 
Transport in Cambodia
Taxis, Motors & Trains
Train Network
Buses in Cambodia
Travelling by Boat
 Festivals in Cambodia
 Privacy Policy

Bayon Temple


The Bayon, is located at the physical center of Angkor Thom, the nine square kilometer or (three and a half square) mile city complex, and is the focal point of the building boom Jayavarman VII initiated after he defeated the Chams to reclaim the Khmer Empire. The temple is a Mahayana Buddhist temple; its primary deity is Avalokitshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. Since this temple sits in the center of Angkor Thom, his state capital, this monument makes the entire capital a temple complex, with the walls of the city and the moat representing the outer mountain ranges and oceans of the mythical Hindu universe.

The architectural composition of the Bayon exudes grandness in every aspect. Over 200 large faces carved in the 54 towers give this temple its majestic character, which at that time represents the 54 provinces in debated by scholars and some think they represent the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, in keeping with the Buddhist character of the temple, it is generally accepted that the four faces on each o the towers are images of King Jayavarman VII and signify the omnipresence of the King.

The plan of the Bayon is presented on three separate levels and its height is 43 m. It stayed for a long time an enigma. The first and second are a pantheon dedicated to the gods Khmers of the beginning of its construction, in a time of transition between the Hinduism and the Buddhism.
The superior floor is dedicated to Buddha. Fabulous low reliefs of 1200m of length and representing more than 11000 sculptured persons, very long frescoes telling the fights and the naval battles between the Khmers and the Chams, as well as the daily life. Despite this seemingly simple plan, the layout of the Bayon is complex due to later addition, a maze of galleries, passage and steps, connected in a way that makes the levels practically indistinguishable and creates dim lighting, narrow walkways and ceiling.



 

WELCOME
to the Kingdom of
CAMBODIA

 

 


 

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------